THE ROMANS - galleries

  • The Republic
  • 01.lictor
    First-century BC bronze figurine of lictor with fasces. (VRoma: British Museum: Barbara McManus)
  • 02.slave
    Roman mosaic of child slave in kitchen, with figs and fish. (VRoma: Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg: Barbara McManus)
  • 03.augustus
    Statue of the young emperor Augustus as pontifex maximus, with his head covered as a mark of respect, end of first century BC. (VRoma: National Museums, Rome: Barbara McManus)
  • 04.roma
    The early Roman coinage, like that under the kings, was linked to weight. This heavy bronze dupondius (c. 265 BC), 8.5 cm in diameter, was worth two asses (represented by the two bars) and carried the head of Roma, personifying the city. (Photo © Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow )
  • 15.cato
    Cato (Picture acknowledgment Fenrir DK history web site)
  • 18.senators
    A group of senators, late first century BC. (VRoma: Ara Pacis, Rome: Ann Raia)
  • 19.gracchus
    Gaius Gracchus was begged by his friends to escape, while they held off his pursuers. As he ran along, no-one helped him or gave him the horse for which he asked. He finally took refuge in a sacred grove. (“The Death of Gaius Gracchus” by Jean Baptiste Topino-Lebrun (1764-1801). Musée des Beaux-Arts, Marseilles: Gallery of Art web site.)
  • 21.treading_grapes
    Treading grapes. (Illustration by John Pittaway from Picture Reference Ancient Romans, Brockhampton Press 1970)
  • 23.dying_gaul
    Marble statue of a dying Gaul, a first-century copy of a third-century BC bronze original from Pergamum. (VRoma: Capitoline Museum, Rome: Susan Bonvallet)
  • 24.augustus_curule_chair
  • 25.social_war
  • 27.slave_quarters
    Slave quarters at Villa Adriana, Palace of Hadrian, early second century AD. (VRoma: Sue Olsen)
  • 29.sulla_coin
    Republican denarius of about 57 BC, depicting Sulla, coined by his grandson, the moneyer Quintus Pompeius Rufus. (VRoma: British Museum: Barbara McManus)
  • republic01
    Republican coin, issued by the moneyer P. Licinius Nerva, showing voting in an assembly. Two voters are casting their ballots: the voter on the left receives his tablet from an attendant below, while the other, after crossing the bridge, places his tablet in the voting urn. (VRoma: National Museums, Rome: Barbara McManus)
  • republic02
    A drawing of the previous image
  • republic03
  • republic04
    Hannibal, one of a line of gallant and spectacular military commanders whose efforts finally ended in failure but whose exploits are remembered better than, or at least as well as, those of the men who finally defeated them. (Acknowledgment Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars web site)
  • republic05
    Crossing the Alps. (Acknowledgment Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars web site)
  • republic06
    Gold stater, c. 217 BC, from the war against Hannibal: Roman soldiers with captive. (VRoma: British Museum: Barbara McManus)
  • republic08
    Publius Cornelius Scipio (234-183 BC) was awarded the honorific surname of Africanus after his campaign against Hannibal in Africa. (Acknowledgment Museo Archaeologico Nazionale, Naples)
  • republic10
    The brothers Gracchus had an aristocratic upbringing. Their father was a notable consul and military leader, their mother the daughter of Scipio Africanus. (Acknowledgment Julius Caesar: the Last Dictator web site)
  • republic14
    Drawing of a legionary on the march, with his weapons and personal gear. (VRoma: Landesmuseum, Mainz: Barbara McManus)
  • republic16
    Mid-first-century bust of a man believed to be Gaius Marius. (VRoma: Glyptotek, Munich: Barbara McManus)
  • republic18
    Mid-first-century BC bust, believed to be that of Sulla. (VRoma: Glyptotek: Barbara McManus)